What is Exactly is Programming?
This might sound like a stupid question but I can assure you that it is not. This is a great place to start in order for you to get an understanding of what programming entails. You might want to think of it like an essential, almost every aspect of our lives is driven by programming.
Starting from the mobile apps, the games we love to play, and the laptop that you are using at the moment are all driven by some sort of programming.
Programming is essentially the process of writing instructions that tell the computer exactly what to do and/or how it should behave when certain conditions are met or not.
A Programming language is basically an end to a means. Some programming languages are better for certain use case than others.
Programming also known as coding is a powerful tool that will allow you to develop games, build artificial intelligence, create art, build solutions, or even make music.
As implied, there are different career paths for those interested in programming, like being a:
- web developer
- software engineer
- machine learning engineer
- game developer
- business intelligence analyst etc.
Important Programming Nuggets
Now you are interested in starting a career in programming, it is important to take out time to find things that you love doing or are passionate about and start from there.
For example, if you are passionate about games, you need to see what programming language might be needed to become a good game developer and start learning.
Here is the fantastic thing about programming – you don’t need a computer science degree to be a programmer. Isn’t that amazing? To jumpstart your career, there are plenty of free resources on the internet to get you started.
The question now is, is programming hard? This is not an easy question to answer as each programming language and job has its own peculiarities.
Anyone can learn how to program, but just like anything, programming takes a lot of consistency and dedication.
In order to learn a new programming language and be successful, you need to be fluent in that language. So here we go, we present to you, the 7 programming languages we recommend you learn in 2020.
Python, sound like a snake, right? Well in this case, we are not talking about a snake.
Python is one of the most commonly used programming languages today. It is a great starting point for newbies because of it reads and feels like English.
If you choose to take up Python as your primary programming language, there is a high tendency that you will be in demand for many years to come and have a great salary to go with it.
This free, open-source programming language has got a massive online community. It is relatively easy to learn compared to other languages.
Python plays a role in everything from applications to websites. But that’s just the tip of the iceberg.
If you are interested in artificial intelligence and machine learning, Python is going to be your go-to language. It is even used in computational applications like FreeCAD and Abacus.
Python has played vital role in some websites you may be conversant with like YouTube and Instagram. If you are looking for a starting place python might be your best shot.
Here is another amazing programming language that is quite simple to learn – Ruby.
Even more so, picking up this language reinforces a good programming pattern, something that can be applied to other programming languages.
Ruby was created and developed to have something you will call syntactic sugar – human-friendly syntax.
More often than not, when you hear people discuss Ruby, you will also here them mention Ruby on Rails (the web application framework that implements Ruby).
Similar to Python, it is can be used for prototyping , data analysis, and proof of concepts. Ruby is used a lot for User Interface projects and API testing.
3. C and C++
Now, it’s time for us to dive into something a little deeper. I stand to be corrected; C is like the mother of all programming languages.
We don’t recommend diving into the language as it is a bit archaic. Its child C++ is a great starting point for those interested in programming.
C++ is the more (or better still the most) effective and efficient version of C. However, some software engineers still pick up C in order to build a strong foundation for C++.
Each of the languages plays an important role in the world of computer science and programming.
In addition, the programming languages with high performance, haved shaped some applications that are used now where performance is important. Things like video games, web browsers, and Adobe were all created using these languages.
Again and again, if you want to start learning one of the Cs, we recommend you start with C++.
Now, if you want to build apps for iPhones, there is a language for you. The Swift programming language is relatively new, it was created in 2014 by Apple.
This language allows programmers to create native iOS and MacOS applications, making it a lot easier to develop things like responsive 3D games.
In addition, the programming language is considered a big development in terms of usability and performance compared to Objective-C.
Here is the thing, those who work as Swift developers tend to have fat paychecks.
Java is a household name. This is another programming language that is highly in demand, it is one of the most common languages used today.
This programming language is owned and maintained by Oracle Corporation; it comes with a cool feature of having an object-oriented structure.
Compared to something like Python this language has a slight steep learning curve, however, you will be greatly rewarded if you do.
The language itself has become a go to language around the world because of its portability across platforms from mainframe data centers to smartphones.
There are billions of devices powered by Java all over the world. It is found in the backend of many websites like Amazon, Google, Twitter, and YouTube.
Though Java considered an intermediate language, there is a large community of Java developers out there and you can be rest assured you will get help when you are stuck.
The good thing is that the programming language is very easy to pick up and it is popular in web frameworks like Angular, Vue, and React.
Go is one of the newer languages on the list. It is a statically typed, compiled programming designed at Google.
It is a nice programming language to pick up once you have learned to use one of the languages above.
Often referred as Golang, the language was developed by Ken Thompson, Robert Griesemer and Rob Pike in 2007.
The C programming language had a great influence on how Go was developed, except that it is easy to use and would eliminate the “extra garbage” of languages such as C++.
The language is easy to use, highly efficient, and has advanced performance for networking.
Still, the language is young and in our honest opinion, it is a great language to learn after you have picked up one or two other languages.
You may have heard or learned about the COBOL programming language in your computer science class.
Most programmers know COBOL as the “ancient” programming language that played a vital role in computing history.
A handful of vital software systems are still dependent on the language.
IBM is ready to see that COBOL comes back and this is due to the unprecedented challenges people in the United States are facing amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
IBM in a press release and in Ars Technica, stated that they have seen customers with the need to scale their systems in order to handle increase in demand, and that they have been actively working with clients to manage those applications.
Furthermore, IBM stated that there are also some states that are in a dire need of additional programming skills to make changes to COBOL.
It is important to note that, COBOL have an estimated 220 billion lines of code being actively written and used today.
IBM also stated that the changes to be made to the codes written in COBOL are required to take into account the new parameters for unemployment payment eligibility, in a very short timeframe.
IBM is actively mobilizing and creating a new generation of COBOL programmers to tackle the immediate issues in the United States.
At the moment, IBM is set to create an online course for programmers who are interested in picking up the programming language.
COBOL is one way or the other linked with some of the events in 2020 and could help make a difference in the world.
Is there any programming language that was not on the list? Let us know your thoughts.